At 65 percent among Primary 6 pupils and 28 per-cent one of those in Primary 1, Singapore has among the many highest rates of myopia in the world.
Figures through the Health Promotion Board demonstrate that the amount has always been stable over the last decade.
But there is another worrying trend: An early on onset and quicker progression to your higher severity of myopia – 600 degrees and above – that has prompted Dr Ajeet Madhav Wagle to it a “silent epidemic”.
“The sooner ages of begin myopia, the larger the chance of developing high myopia in the future,” said the medical director and senior consultant at Farrer Park Medical Centre’s International Eye Cataract Retina Centre.
“And also the higher the myopia, the higher the hazards of sight-threatening diseases linked to myopia.”
Myopia is a common eye condition that leads to blurred distance vision. It occurs as soon as the eye grows to much time from side-to-side.
Instead of focusing images around the retina – the light-sensitive tissue at the rear of a person\’s eye – the lens with the eye focuses the graphic at the retina, explaining why people who have myopia have good near vision but poor distance vision.
Worldwide, the estimated prevalence of myopia stands at 23 percent. Urban populations in east and south-east Asia view a significantly higher prevalence, making myopia a public health concern.
In Singapore, over 80 per-cent of adults are short-sighted, said Dr Ajeet.
The condition can be managed with prescription glasses and contact lenses.
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In certain specific situations, people that have myopia also can go for alternatives which include corrective laser refractive surgical procedures or implantation of special lenses throughout the eye, said Dr Ajeet.
Aside from spending more of their time outdoors, he added, myopia progression is usually controlled because of the appropriate usage of medication, for instance low dose atropine 0.01 percent eye drops, which could reduce myopia progression by 50 %.
The by using special orthokeratology contacts – built to gently reshape the curvature within the eye – has also been advocated to slow the procedure of elongation of your eyeball seen with myopia, he stated.
“But there is however a desire to balance potential risk of serious contact lens-related infections among youngsters,” Dr Ajeet said.
The more dangerous forms of myopia are involving excessive stretching within the eyeball with an increased chance other serious sight-threatening eye diseases for instance retinal tears, retinal detachment, glaucoma and degeneration from the macula.
The macula is a very crucial central the main retina’s nerve layer and it is answerable for sharp reading vision.
This cause people with myopia comes for comprehensive eye checks regularly, said Dr Ajeet. Efforts to counteract the start of myopia also to slow its progression in the beginning life may also help lessen the burden of your “silent epidemic”, he added.
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A type of this story first appeared within the New Paper on November 13, 2017, while using headline, ‘Maintaining a tally of ‘silent epidemic’ of myopia’.