One in nine Singaporeans has diabetes.
The rate arises to three in 10 for anyone aged 60 and above, prompting Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong to flag the challenge on the National Day Rally.
He also pointed to a different worrying trend: The prevalence of diabetes among the younger ones is booming too.
It used to be a disease of the elderly, but this time, 20 per cent of people with diabetes listed here are under 40, said Dr Vivien Lim, an endocrinology specialist at Gleneagles Hospital.
“Some, who will be less than 16 yr old, are even diagnosed as Type 2 diabetes while in the paediatric department,” she said.
There are a couple of types of diabetes, Type 1 and kind 2.
In Diabetes, the pancreas can produce insulin however the person\’s body is protected from it.
It can often be connected to excessive weight.
This is different from Type 1 diabetes, when the pancreas is not able to make sufficient insulin.
Both scenarios result in a rising glucose level while in the blood, which makes way to pre-diabetes, then diabetes.
Dr Cindy Ho, an advisor from the paediatric endocrine division on the National University Hospital, said: “Insulin enables you to lower glucose levels on track once we use a meal.
“As the carbohydrates we eat are digested into simple sugars, sugar levels improvement in the blood, however this usually returns to normal in someone without diabetes.
“However, people who have diabetes aren\’t able to achieve this properly and so have high sugar levels that bring about complications associated with diabetes.”
Usually, Type 1 diabetes presents more acutely, with all the child being very sick since they enter into diabetic ketoacidosis, when toxin builds up by the body processes.
It can strike for a young age, said Dr Ho, adding that her youngest patient can be a two-year-old girl.
“In fact, some babies get diabetes shortly after they can be born and we all call that neonatal diabetes,” she added.
(Also Read: 6 Ways to Decrease your Diabetes Risk)
As for Diabetes type 2, Dr Ho claimed it is probably to affect children who will be overweight, contain a family history and ancestors of diabetes, have unhealthy ways of eating?and lack of work out.
Dr Lim added which the increased rates of obesity parallels the raised diabetes prevalence.
The challenge is in detecting the disease – 40 per cent to Half of diabetics listed below are undiagnosed, said Dr Soon Puay Cheow, a senior consultant endocrinologist at Soon Diabetes Thyroid And Endocrinology Clinic.
They understand only during routine health checks or incidentally while doing other medical tests, he stated.
In mild cases, there won\’t be symptoms, said Dr Lim.
“Some do feel the following (symptoms) – weight loss, tiredness, thirst and drinking countless urinating more. But in these cases, they likely currently have a advanced disease,” she said.
While diabetes may not be cured, it might be kept at bay.
Type 1 diabetes will require a consistent dose of insulin, as prescribed by a doctor.
Mild Is usually may perhaps be controlled through dieting and exercise often, with little or no medicine.
However, most Type two diabetes could eventually require oral medication to manipulate the blood sugar level even insulin injections within the later stage in the disease.
According to SingHealth, the usual treatment method is to maintain good control over how much glucose in your own blood, enjoy a balance diet, keep fit and watch excess fat.
These prevents the begin diabetes, it said.
(Also Read: Be sure that Learn about Rice, Sugar, the Glycaemic Index & Diabetes)
A version of this story first appeared inside the New Paper on August 28, 2017, when using the headline, \’20% with diabetes under Four decades old\’.