In Singapore, nearly a third of deaths result from cardiovascular disease (CVD).
But the deadly disease is preventable, either totally or partially, said Dr Alex Teo, medical director of Providence Clinic.
Generally used to make reference to conditions affecting the center or problematic veins, CVD is associated to a build-up of fatty deposits during the arteries plus an increased chance of blood clots. It is also related to destruction of arteries in organs such as brain, heart, kidneys and eyes.
Health screening is a crucial tool for early recognition and prevention of CVD, said Dr Teo, adding it is best to select medical check-ups at least a year.
Family doctors also play a pivotal role in instilling the need for regular blood monitoring for early intervention.
This is particularly so for patients with chronic issues – regular monitoring can assist prevent cardiovascular complications, said Dr Teo.
“Your overall practitioner (GP) will have a detailed consultation and assure you get the most appropriate screening tests,” he added.
Since last Friday, eligible Singaporeans is advantageous $5 or less for health screenings as well as the first post-screening consultation below the Screen for all his life programme, based on whether or not they are under the area Health Assist Scheme or Pioneer Generation subsidy.
What include the various kinds of CVD?
- Coronary cardiac arrest, which takes place when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscle is blocked or reduced. This puts an improved strain on the heart, which enables it to cause angina – brought on by restricted circulation to your heart muscle – heart attacks and failure.
- Strokes, where blood to the main brain is chop off. This will likely cause brain damage, transient ischaemic attack (where the circulation of blood on the mental faculties are temporarily disrupted), and also death.
- Peripheral arterial disease, which happens you will find there\’s blockage within the arteries towards the limbs, unquestionably the legs.
- Aortic diseases, that happen to be several conditions affecting the aorta, the greatest blood vessel systems. It carries blood from your heart towards the remaining body.
(Also Read: Majority of the women Can\’t Tell When Experiencing a heart attack. Here\’s Why.)
What are a handful of lifestyle habits that could bring about CVD?
The more risks you have, better the odds are of developing CVD.
These include elevated blood pressure, smoking, diabetes and inactivity, which adds to the chances of hypertension, high-cholesterol and carrying excess fat. Obesity also increases the risk of developing diabetes and high blood pressure.
Other risks include age, gender, diet and excessive drinking alcohol.
How can CVD be prevented?
- Have a balanced diet.
- Quit smoking. Your GP can provide support and prescribe medication.
- Regular exercise for a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity per week, for instance cycling or brisk walking. Call at your GP for a health check if you have never exercised before, or if you are returning to exercise after having a long break.
- If you might be overweight, a variety of exercise and a good diet will allow you to lose weight. Try to get the body mass index below 25. For anybody who is struggling, your GP will assist you to make a weight loss plan and recommend services in your neighborhood.
- Try to not exceed the recommended weekly limit of 21 alcohol units for men and 14 alcohol units for females. Endeavor to spread your drinking over 72 hrs or higher. Your GP may help you when you are discovering it tough to lessen your drinking.
- If you might be in the particularly high risk of developing CVD, your GP may recommend taking medication to reduce your risk. This can include statins and low-dose aspirin.
(Also Read:?10 Methods of Lower Your Blood choleseterol levels)
A sort of this story first appeared within the New Paper on September 4, 2017, while using headline, ‘Lifestyle reaches the center of heart health’.